Types of Best Golf Clubs and Their Uses

Types of Golf Clubs And Their Uses
Types of Golf Clubs And Their Uses

There are plenty of questions looming in the head of a golfer who has just begun his/her journey in the beautiful game of golf. The most common question that arises in any beginner’s mind is what is the type of best golf clubs do you need as a beginner. Once you’ve got this information down, then the next million-dollar question comes, what should I look for in a Best golf club as a beginner.


  • Driver and Fairway Woods
  • Irons
  • hybrids
  • wedges
  • putters


A Best golf club is made up of various components that together combine to become one complete club.

These components are common to every and they are

  • The Grip
  • The shaft
  • The Hosel
  • The clubhead

The Grip

The Grip is the topmost component of a golf club which is held by the golfer while hitting the shot and it is the only way in which the golf club is connected to the body of the player

The shaft

Next comes the Shaft. The long and thin cylindrical object which connects the grip to the head of the club is called The Shaft. It is made up of materials like steel or graphite or a combination of both. Depending upon the swing speed, one must decide which shaft material to use. Graphite shafts are lighter in weight and hence are recommended for slower swing speed whereas steel shafts are heavier and hence should be used by golfers with faster swing speed.

Shafts also come in various flexes like Regular, Stiff, Extra stiff, Amateur and Women.

The Hosel

A Hosel is that component that connects the shaft to the clubhead and determines the lie angle of the club.

The clubhead

The Clubhead is the bottom-most component of a golf club and it is the one responsible for the degree of loft and the ball flight upon impact. 

Explanation Of Each Type Of Golf Club

Drivers and fairway woods

Woods are the longest clubs in a golfers bag. They primarily consist of the driver or 1-wood, 3 wood, 5 wood, 7 wood, and 9 wood. Some players even prefer to carry 11 woods.

Drivers and fairway woods
Drivers and fairway woods

The name wood comes from the fact that these clubs were made of actual wood in the

earlier days. However, this has changed in the modern game with the woods now being made of titanium alloys or steel.

A driver is the longest club possessed by a golfer. This club is used to hit the very first shot or tee off a shot by the golfers and is considered to be the toughest club to master out of all. Because of its large clubhead and long shaft, the driver promises massive distance, but since it is equally tough to hit it accurately, this club can be avoided at times to make way for the use of a 3 wood.

Best beginner-friendly drivers 2020

The shaft of the driver is made up graphite and the most popular driver clubhead size is 460cc.

3 woods are the second-longest clubs in a golfer’s bag. It is also made up of the same materials as of the driver but it is considered to be an easier club to hit as compared to it. Golfers prefer to hit the 3 wood from the tee box on numerous occasions, especially in pressure situations to ensure a safer straighter result off the tee.

As we progress forward towards the 5, 7, and 9 woods, the loft of the clubs subsequently increases at the expense of the distance. This also increases the forgiveness of the club. While the advanced players carry the 3 and 5 woods, the beginners might want to have a look at the 7 and 9 woods as well for more versatility and ease on the golf course.

Woods are generally preferred to be hit on the upswing because of their long lengths. This requires a change in the setup position of a golfer.

For a beginner, it is recommended to start with the use of 3 wood or 5 wood instead of a driver to gain much-needed confidence at the beginning of their golfing life.


Irons are an integral part of a golf set and can be termed as the backbone of the golf set. You can survive a golf course without the woods but without irons, it’s impossible. They are called irons because they are essentially made of metal, Steel to be precise. They consist of grooves on the clubface which enables the ball to spin upon impact.

irons for golf club
irons for golf club

There are essentially different types of irons ranging from 1 iron climbing up to 9 iron. As the number on the irons increases, so the loft on the club. Hence, 1 iron has the minimum loft and 9 iron has the maximum. As we move up from the 1 iron, the distance achieved upon impact decreases. Hence, the 1 iron produces maximum distance and the 9 iron the minimum. 

A typical set of irons consists of 3 iron up to 9 irons because the 2 and 1 iron are practically extinct in the modern era of golf.

  • Long irons – Irons ranging from 1 to 3.
  • Mid irons – Irons ranging from 4 to 6.
  • Short irons – Irons ranging from 7 to 9.

The distance achieved from different types of iron is a very relative concept. A particular distance achieved by a golfer with a 7 iron might be equal to the distance achieved by another golfer with a 6 or an 8 iron. This vastly depends on the level of the golfer, his/her swing speed, and the quality of the club.

Usually, there is a difference of around 10-15 yards between each type of iron.

As we move up from 3 iron to the 9 iron, the resulting shots will have a steeper trajectory. This means that the ball will rise much higher with the help of a 9 iron as compared to 4 irons and it will roll less upon impact with the turf.

For most golfers, the short irons are much easier to strike as compared to the longer ones simply because they are easier to control because of their shorter shafts.

Irons are usually hit from the fairway as approach shots to the greens. Sometimes they are also hit from the tee box as in the case of par 3s.

But usually, they are hit from fairways and will cause the formation of divots on the turf upon impact.

As opposed to the woods, irons are struck on the downswing and hence the sensation should be to hit down on the ball.


Hybrids or ‘utility clubs’ are essentially a crossbreed of irons and woods. They are a recent addition to the plethora of golf clubs that a golfer has to choose from. The main purpose of the hybrids is to replace the longer irons in the kit and replace them with a simpler and more effective version of achieving the same amount of distance.

hybrid for golf club
hybrid for golf club

Originally hybrids were used as clubs to get out of the rough and from difficult lies, but slowly they have found their way to the fairway as well.

Due to the ease with which they can operate, they are often preferred by the weekend golfer in place of the longer irons like the 3 and the 4 irons.

Another name for the hybrids is also ‘rescue clubs’ primarily because they were and still are used from difficult situations to rescue the golfer because of their higher forgiveness as compared to long irons.


wedge for golf club
wedge for golf club

Ask any good golfer about how important it is to have control over your game from within 120 yards to the pin, and he/she would explain the importance of wedges to achieve that accuracy. Wedges are golf clubs with the highest amount of loft starting from 46 to 51 degrees with a pitching wedge and up to 64 degrees with a lob wedge.

Types of wedges and their purpose

  1. Pitching Wedge- Referred to as a PW or W or P on different golf companies, a pitching wedge is generally used as an approach shot from around 120 to 130 yards from the pin. It is typically known as a 10 iron as it comes along with the entire golf set.
  2. Sand wedge- As the name suggests, this club is used to lob the ball up from a bunker. It has a loft 56 degrees and can also be used as an approach shot till around 100 yards from the green. It is abbreviated as SW.
  3. Gap wedge- As the name suggests, this club is primarily used to fill in the gap of distance achieved with the PW and the SW, i.e. approx 110 to 120 yards. It typically has a loft of 54 degrees and abbreviated as GW.
  4. Lob Wedge- This club is used for greenside chipping of balls from 80 yards and within. It has a loft of 60 degrees and can induce maximum spin and loft on the ball for it to help achieve maximum accuracy around the greens. It is commonly abbreviated as LW or 60 degrees.
  5. Ultra Lob wedge- Some players prefer this club for a higher level of precision around the greens since they have a maximum loft of 64 degrees. Also to note that these clubs are difficult to master as well.


putters for golf club
for golf club

Probably the most important club in the entire golf set is a putter. This is used to roll the ball into the hole as the last shot in the hole process of completing a hole. It usually has a loft of around 5 degrees to ensure the ball rolls smoothly over any bumps or ball marks on the putting green.

There are various styles of a putter and depending on your putting stroke, you can decide which type of putter is best for you.

Blade Putters

These are putters that have a thinner head and are more suitable for the advanced golfer who tends to strike the putt right out of the middle of the face every time.

Mallet Putter

These are putters that have much larger heads and provide much more forgiveness when it comes to the off-center strikes. Hence, these putters are best suited for beginners looking to improve their putting.

Related Article: Best putters for beginners


According to the rules set by USGA, a golfer is allowed to carry a total of 14 clubs in a bag during a game. These clubs may include a Driver, 3 and 5 wood, irons from 4 to 9, Pitching wedge, Gap Wedge, Sand Wedge, Lob Wedge, and A putter. 

Sometimes, a long iron like a 4 iron or even a 5 wood can be replaced by a hybrid. Hybrids are the newest additions to the game of golf and are much easier to strike as compared to the 2,3 and 4 irons while giving the same amount of distance.



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